Becoming a Part of the
In Baltimore, Maryland
December 19, 1976
Largest Outdoor Insane Asylum"
Baltimore’s Memorial Stadium was built
after World War II, and completed in 1950, as a major league baseball arena for
the Baltimore Orioles. In 1953, the National Football League’s Baltimore Colts
chose the stadium as their home turf, and played their visiting opponents there.
the case on the evening of December 19, 1976, when the Colts played the
Pittsburgh Steelers in the AFC divisional title game.
had been brutal to the Colts, and ended in regulation with a final score of
Steelers 40-14. It was the Colts' first home
postseason loss ever, and their second straight loss the Pittsburgh.
Marching to the
Beat of a Different Drummer…
about ten minutes after the conclusion of the final quarter of the Sunday game,
at 5:07 PM, a low-wing Piper Cherokee buzzed over the stadium.
week leading up to the game, a white, low-wing, plane with blue trim had been
reported to the Federal Aviation Administration twice for flying too tow over
the stadium. However, officials added that witnesses were not able to transcribe the
plane's tail registration number. Now, it appeared the plane was going to
pull some stunt.
Witnesses said the plane entered the open end of the
horseshoe-shaped stadium and tried to rise as it approached the closed portion.
circled the field and had gone through where the band sits (at the other end of
the stadium) and then came back into the stadium," said Yvon Tyler of Baltimore.
"It tried to climb and it banked, but it couldn't make it,"
it was a kamikaze pilot from Oakland," quipped Ray Mansfield.
low, the white plane, with blue trim markings, stalled: "It was so scary. We
couldn't duck, we couldn't run, we didn't know what to do," according to Tyler.
The plane, registered as N6276J, dropped in the upper rows of the stadium's
upper most deck of seats, Sections 1 & 2, positioned with its nose pointing
downward, its left wing fractured, and its right wing damaged
just above the baseball press box, which was being used as an auxiliary press
facility for the game
performance of the home team had resulted in most of the nearly 60,000 football
fans in the stands having left the stadium, and no one on the ground was
Under the Stadium...
Meanwhile, deep in the
bowels of Memorial Stadium, Ted Marchibroda, then in his first tenure as a coach
for the Colts, recalled that the crash spared the team some embarrassment. "We
were in the locker room and somebody said, 'A plane crashed into the stadium!'
We went out in the dugout and, sure enough, we looked up in the second tier and
there it was. I think now it really saved me some embarrassment because we lost
that game, but everybody was paying attention to that plane."
Maryland Governor Marvin
Mandel, who had attended the game, inspected the crash site shortly afterwards
and said, "If it had been a close game there would have been people up there and
they would have been falling out of the stadium,"
The Mad Hatter…
plane's pilot, 33 year old Donald Kroner, who had worked as both a flight
instructor and an air control tower operator, had been arrested the prior week
on a warrant for reckless flying, littering, and making a bomb threat against
Bill Pellington, a former linebacker for the Colts, at his restaurant. Rolls of
toilet paper and a bottle were dropped on Pellington's restaurant the week
before, according to detectives. Kroner was later released on $2,100 bail.
the crash, Kroner was admitted to Union Memorial Hospital, along with two
Baltimore policemen - officers David Williams, 29, and Joseph Sacco, 31 – who
were first police on the scene of the crash, and had suffered smoke inhalation
and minor cuts. Later, Kroner was admitted to
the Clifton T. Perkins State Hospital in Jessup, Maryland, for psychiatric
In court testimony afterwards, Kroner stated
that he had been in attendance at the game, but at halftime because “the Colts
were having such a terrible time.” Investigators later determined that Kroner
has planned to land the plane on the field, and take off as well. Officials
determined the feat was impossible, given the Piper’s performance range.
In February of 1977, Kroner was found guilty
on two charges of malicious destruction of property
and one charge of reckless flying. He
was sentenced in mid-March of 1977 to two years in prison for his crimes, and
served three months before he was released in June. Shortly afterwards, it
was publicly revealed he had worked as a federal
narcotics informant for the Customs Service after two men asked him if he could
fly a small plane into South America low enough that he would be undetected by
Kroner was later, in 1980, charged with
stealing a Greyhound bus from Dulles International Airport. In 1983, he
was charged with omitting his reckless flying
conviction from a federal application when he applied for a new medical
certificate from the FAA.
found the probable cause of the 1976 crash was the pilot's poor judgment and
misjudgment of his plane's distance, speed, altitude or clearance.
accident had the disaster potential akin to several Hollywood movies of the
time. In "Black Sunday," Arab terrorists plot to
crash a blimp filled with explosives into the Super Bowl. In "Two-Minute
Warning," a sniper spreads terror among a sellout crowd al a large
moved to Indianapolis in 1984, and Memorial Stadium was demolished in 2001.